RESUME

 Prof. John A SPINKS

 

 

 

Prof. John A. Spinks came to The University of Hong Kong in 1977 from the Institute of Psychiatry in London, after completing degrees at Newcastle-Upon-Tyne (B.Sc.), and Southampton (Ph.D.).  His research has centred on psychophysiological approaches to human cognition and, in particular, attention, with recent publications on brain mapping studies of Chinese language processing.  He has worked on the relationship between stress and immunity, and has run studies in educational assessment (in particular, the assessment of creative thinking) and prediction, some of which were for the Hong Kong Government.

 

His roles in The University of Hong Kong have included being Pro-Vice-Chancellor for academic matters and student affairs, Head of the Department of Psychology, Associate Dean of Social Sciences, Acting Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Acting Dean of Student Affairs (two periods).  He is currently Senior Advisor to the President and Director of Undergraduate Admissions and International Student Exchange at the University of Hong Kong. 

He has received teaching and research awards from the University.  He is a Member of the Board of HKU's School of Professional and Continuing Education, previous past Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Joint University Programmes Admissions Scheme (JUPAS), and was Convenor of the Consultative Committee for the UGC's Teaching and Learning Quality Process Review (TLQPR) and a local Panel Member for the Second Round of this Review.  He was a member of the Interim Board of the Joint Quality Review Committee, charged with setting up a new body in Hong Kong to quality assure the standards of the continuing education arms of the Government funded universities in Hong Kong, and a member of Council of the HKCAAVQ. He has led the University of Hong Kong through a very successful quality audit.  He has been asked to advise several South East Asian nations in their quality assurance development.  

From 2005-2007, he was on part-time secondment from The University of Hong Kong, working as Executive Director for U21Global, the e-learning arm of the U21 consortium of leading research-led universities from around the world.  He has since co-ordinated their quality assurance activities, and taken U21Global successfully through several international accreditation exercises.  He has been invited to give Keynote speeches on e-learning and quality assurance at international conferences.  

Apart from having been an External Examiner at several of the sister tertiary institutions in Hong Kong, Prof. Spinks is also a Past-President of the Hong Kong Psychological Society.  He has an Honorary Fellowship from the Open University of Hong Kong.


 

Contact information:

 

President’s Office,                   E-mail: spinks@hku.hk

University of Hong Kong,                   Tel:      (852) 2241 5401

Pokfulam Road,                                  Fax:     (852) 2559-9435

Hong Kong.                                        

 

Current positions/titles at HKU:

Senior Advisor to the President, 2005-

Director of Undergraduate Admissions and International Student Exchange, 2005-

Chair, University Admissions Committee, 1990-2014

Professor, Department of Psychology.

 

Previous positions:

Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Academic and Student Affairs), including acting appointments, 1999-2004.

Acting Dean of Student Affairs (1999-2000, 2004-2005).

Head, Department of Psychology (1995-1999)

Acting Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences (various occasions during 1991-1996).  

Sub-Dean/Associate Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences, 1991-1997.

Director, Cognitive Science Programme

Director, Cognitive Science Centre

 

Outside HKU:

Chairman, Board of Directors, JUPAS, 2005-06

Member of Council, Open University of Hong Kong, 2002-09

Member of Academic Advisory Committee, Raffles University, Singapore, 2006-

Member, HUCOM Sub-Committee on Internationalization (previously Chair), 2007-

 

Previous positions:

Member of Board of Directors, Li Po Chun United World College, 2005.

Chairman, Consultative Committee for the Teaching and Learning Quality Process Review.

Member of Council (Founding Partner University), Quest University, Canada.

Member, Interim Board, Joint Quality Review Committee, Hong Kong .

Executive Director (U21 Liaison, Strategic Development), U21Global, Singapore, 2005-8.

External Examiner in Psychology, City Polytechnic of Hong Kong, 1985-1991.

External Examiner in Psychology, Asia International Open University ( Macau ), 1992-95.

External Examiner in Psychology, Open Learning Institute (Open University of Hong Kong ), 1994-97.

Programme Reviewer, Open University of Hong Kong .

External Examiner for M.Phil. and Ph.D. theses, Chinese University of Hong Kong .

President, Hong Kong Psychological Society, 1985-6.

Member, Obscene Articles Tribunal (c.1994-2000).

 

Awards:

Best Teacher of the Year, 1991 (Faculty of Social Sciences)

Vice-Chancellor’s Outstanding Researcher Award, 1998.

 

Publications

 

Journal articles and book chapters

  1. Spinks, J.A., & Siddle, D.A.T. (1976). Effects of stimulus information and stimulus duration on amplitude and habituation of the electrodermal orienting response. Biological Psychology, 4, 29-39.
  2. Kyriacou, C., Siddle, D.A.T., Spinks, J.A., Stephenson, D., & Turpin, G. (1976). The incremental stimulus intensity effect and habituation of evoked electrodermal responses. Physiological Psychology, 5, 16-20.
  3. Siddle, D.A.T., & Spinks, J.A. (1979). Orienting response and information processing: some theoretical and empirical problems. In H.D. Kimmel, E.H. van Olst, & J.F. Orlebeke (Eds.), The Orienting Reflex in Humans. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  4. Siddle, D.A.T., Turpin, G., Spinks, J.A., & Stephenson, D. (1980). Peripheral measures. In H.M. van Praag, M.H. Lader, O.J. Raphaelsen, & E.J. Sachar (Eds.), Handbook of Biological Psychiatry, Part II: Brain Mechanisms and Abnormal Behavior - Psychophysiology (pp. 45-78). New York: Marcel Dekker.
  5. Spinks, J.A. (1981). The attentional nature of the orienting response. Psychophysiology, 18, 183-184.
  6. Siddle, D., & Spinks, J.A. (1982). The orienting response and information processing: an overview. Psychophysiology, 19, 546.
  7. Spinks, J.A., & Shek, D.T.L. (1982). The effect of orienting activity following a warning stimulus on subsequent information processing. Psychophysiology, 19, 589.
  8. Shek, D.T.L., & Spinks, J.A. (1982). The effect of the orienting response on the encoding aspect of the effector span of attention. Psychophysiology, 19, 585.
  9. Ripple, R.E., Jacquish, J.A., Lee, H.W., & Spinks, J. (1983). Intergenerational differences in descriptions of life-span stages among Hong Kong Chinese. Journal of Intercultural Relations, 7, 425-437.
  10. Spinks, J.A., & Ho, D.Y.F. (1983). Prediction of academic success at the University of Hong Kong. New Horizons, 24, 167-183.
  11. Spinks, J.A., Dow, R., & Leung, J.W.C. (1983). A microcomputer package for real-time skin conductance analysis. Behavior Research Methods and Instrumentation, 15, 591-593.
  12. Spinks, J.A., & Siddle, D. (1983). The functional significance of the orienting response. In D. Siddle (Ed.), Orienting and Habituation: Perspectives in Human Research (pp. 237-314). Chichester: Wiley.
  13. Siddle, D., Stephenson, D., & Spinks, J.A. (1983). Elicitation and habituation of the orienting response. In D. Siddle (Ed.), Orienting and Habituation: Perspectives in Human Research (pp. 109-182). Chichester: Wiley.
  14. Spinks, J.A. (1984). The effects of different types of distractors on visual search performance: the role of the orienting response. Psychophysiology, 21, 599-600.
  15. Spinks, J.A., & Ho, D.Y.F. (1984). Chinese students at an English-language University: Prediction of academic performance. Higher Education, 13, 657-674.
  16. Ho, D.Y.F., & Spinks, J.A. (1984). Intelligence, language, personality, and attitudinal factors as determinants of academic performance by Hong Kong University students. New Horizons, 25, 23-42.
  17. Spinks, J.A., Chan, K.K., & Ng, P. (1984).  The orienting response and visual-search performance.  International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2, 218.
  18. Spinks, J.A., & Siddle, D.A.T. (1985). The effects of anticipated information on skin conductance and cardiac activity. Biological Psychology, 20, 39-50.
  19. Ho, D.Y.F., & Spinks, J.A. (1985). Multivariate prediction of academic performance in Hong Kong University students. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 10, 249-259.
  20. Spinks, J.A., Blowers, G.H., & Shek, D.T.L. (1985). The role of the orienting response in the anticipation of information: a skin conductance response study. Psychophysiology, 22, 385-394.
  21. Spinks, J.A., Chan, T.C., & Chan, K.K. (1985). Orienting and anticipation in a two-stimulus, dual-task paradigm. Psychophysiology, 22, 614.
  22. Shek, D.T.L., & Spinks, J.A. (1985). The effect of the orienting response on sensory discriminability. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 61, 987-1003.
  23. Blowers, G.H., Spinks, J.A., & Shek, D.T.L. (1986). P300 and the anticipation of information within an orienting response paradigm. Acta Psychologica, 61, 91-103.
  24. Shek, D.T.L., & Spinks, J.A. (1986). A study of the attentional changes accompanying orienting to different types of change stimuli. Acta Psychologica, 61, 153-166.
  25. Spinks, J.A. (1987). Problems and paradigms in psychophysiology. Journal of Psychophysiology, 1, 17-20. (Invited)
  26. Spinks, J.A. (1987). Switching of attentional resources: ERP correlates. Psychophysiology, 24, 613.
  27. Spinks, J.A., Chan, C., Jones, B.M., & Tang, J.C.L. (1987). A study of examination anxiety: Covariation between psychological variables and an immunological parameter. Psychophysiology, 24, 613.
  28. Yip, S.P., & Spinks, J.A. (1988). A skin conductance response study of preattentive processing of backwardly-masked stimuli. Psychophysiology, 25, 491-492.
  29. Lyytinen, H., & Spinks, J.A. (1988). Consequentiality as an explanatory construct in psychophysiology. In V.B. Shvyrkov, R. Naatanen, M. Sams, I.O. Alexsandrov, & N.E. Maksimova (Eds.), Psychophysiology of cognitive processes (pp. 39-43). Moscow: Institute of Psychology, Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.
  30. Lee, P.W.H., Mak-Lieh, F., Yu, G.K.K., & Spinks, J.A. (1988). Cognitive correlates of outcome status in schizophrenia. Proceedings of the 24th International Congress of Psychology, 198, 166.
  31. Spinks, J.A., & Chan, C.C.H. (1988). Psychoneuroimmunological research into examination anxiety in adolescent students under stress. Education Papers, University of Hong Kong, 4, 48-65.
  32. Lee, P.W.H., Lieh-Mak, F., Yu, G.K.K., & Spinks, J.A. (1989). Information processing deficits and outcome patterns in schizophrenia. In C.N. Stephanis, C.R. Soldatos & A.D. Rabavilas (Eds.), Psychiatry today: Accomplishments and promises, 98.
  33. Spinks, J.A. (1989). The orienting response and anticipation of information processing demands. In N.W. Bond, & D.A.T. Siddle, (Eds.), Psychobiology: Issues and applications (pp. 149-161). Amsterdam: North Holland.
  34. Spinks, J.A., Chan, C.C., Lai, J.C.L., & Jones, B.M. (1990). Examination anxiety in Hong Kong students: Gender and psychological influences on longitudinal changes in salivary immunoglobulin A. Psychophysiology, 27(4A), S7-S8.
  35. Spinks, J.A. (1990). Psychology in Hong Kong. In G.A. Shouksmith & E.A. Shouksmith (Eds.), Psychology in Asia and the Pacific: Status reports on teaching and research in eleven countries (pp. 395-420). Bangkok, Thailand: UNESCO.
  36. Spinks, J.A. (1990). Psychological theory, practice and practicalities. Bulletin of the Hong Kong Psychological Society, 24/25, 65-78.
  37. Spinks, J.A., & Kramer, A. (1991). Capacity views of information processing: Autonomic nervous system measures. In J.R. Jennings & M.G.H. Coles (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive psychology: Central and autonomic nervous system approaches (pp. 208-229). New York: Wiley.
  38. Spinks, J.A., & Kramer, A. (1991). Capacity views of information processing: Integration. In J.R. Jennings & M.G.H. Coles (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive psychology: Central and autonomic nervous system approaches (pp. 229-249). New York: Wiley
  39. Kramer, A., & Spinks, J.A. (1991). Capacity views of information processing: Introduction. In J.R. Jennings & M.G.H. Coles (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive psychology: Central and autonomic nervous system approaches (pp. 179-194). New York: Wiley.
  40. Kramer, A., & Spinks, J.A. (1991). Capacity views of information processing: Central nervous systems measures. In J.R. Jennings & M.G.H. Coles (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive psychology: Central and autonomic nervous system approaches (pp. 194-208). New York: Wiley.
  41. Lee, P.W.H., Lieh-Mak, F., Yu, K.K., & Spinks, J.A. (1991). 21st century schizophrenia: Better outcome? Lower costs? Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists, 1, 37-45.
  42. Lee, P.W.H., Lieh-Mak, F., Yu, K.K., & Spinks, J.A. (1991). Patterns of outcome in schizophrenia in Hong Kong. Acta Psychiatrica Scandanavica, 84, 346-352.
  43. Siddle, D.A.T., & Spinks, J.A. (1992). Orienting, habituation, and the allocation of processing resources. In B.A. Campbell, H. Hayne, & R. Richardson (Eds.), Attention and information processing in infants and adults: Perspectives from human and animal research (pp. 227-262). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  44. Tseng, R.Y.M., Li, C.K., & Spinks, J.A. (1992). Particulate air pollution and hospitalization for asthma. Annals of Allergy, 68, 425-432.
  45. Spinks, J.A., Stephenson, D., Baker, S., Wong, M.M.F., & Jones, B.M. (1992). The mediating effects of different types of feedback on the central- autonomic-immune system relationships under stress. Psychophysiology, 29(4A), S66.
  46. Lee, P.W.H., Lieh-Mak, F., Yu, K.K., & Spinks, J.A. (1993). Coping strategies of schizophrenic patients and their relationship to outcome. British Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 177-182. 
  47. Keatley, C.W., Spinks, J.A., & de Gelder, B. (1994). Asymmetrical cross- language priming effects. Memory and Cognition, 22, 70-84.
  48. Spinks, J.A., Wong, M.M.F., Chan, C.C., & Jones, B.M. (1994).  Examination anxiety and the immune-system: A report on studies of Hong-Kong students under stress.  International Journal of Psychophysiology, 18, 149.
  49. Spinks, J.A., Wong, M.M.F., Stephenson, D. & Jones, B.M. (1994).  The autonomic-immune relationship: Experimental stress and the influence of state and trait measures.  International Journal of Psychophysiology, 18, 149-150.
  50. Spinks, J.A. & Kao, H.S.R. (1995). Hong Kong: A review of psychological research, education, and professional issues. World Psychology, 1, 71-105. (Invited)
  51. Spinks, J.A., Yu-Ku, H.H.Y., Shek, D.T.L., & Bacon-Shone, J.H. (1995). The Hong Kong Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking: Technical Report. Project commissioned by the Department of Education, Hong Kong Government.
  52. Spinks, J.A., Yu-Ku, H.H.Y., Shek, D.T.L., & Bacon-Shone, J.H. (1996). Recent developments in the area of creative thinking in Hong Kong. In S. Dingli (Ed.), Creative thinking: New perspectives. Malta: Malta University Press.
  53. Chan, C.C.H. and Spinks, J.A. (1996). Self-efficacy as a predictor of salivary immunoglobulin A concentration changes under examination-related stress. Psychophysiology, 33, Suppl. 1, S29.
  54. Spinks, J.A. (1996). Conscious and pre-conscious cognitive changes during attention. In B. Kokinov (Ed.), Perspectives on Cognitive Science, vol. 2. Sofia; New Bulgarian University.
  55. Spinks, J.A. (1997). Individual differences in the effect of examination anxiety on health-related changes. In The International Symposium on Personality and Education: Collection of Papers and Abstracts (pp. 7-11). Shaanxi Normal University, China.
  56. Spinks, J.A. (1997). The role of the orienting response in information processing.  International Journal of Psychophysiology, 25, 57-58.
  57. Spinks, J.A., Lam, L.M.O., & Van Lingen, G. (1998). Cultural determinants of creativity: An implicit theory approach.  In S. Dingli (Ed.), Creative thinking: Towards broader horizons.  Malta: Malta University Press.
  58. Spinks, J.A. & Lou, L.G. (1998).  The development of psychological research in Hong Kong.  Bulletin of the Hong Kong Psychological Society, 38/39, 55-74.
  59. Tan, L.H., Spinks, J.A., Gao, J.H., Liu, A., Perfetti, C.A., Xiong, J., Pu, Y., Liu, Y., Stofer, K.A., & Fox, P.T. (2000). Brain activation in the processing of Chinese characters and words: A functional MRI study.  Human Brain Mapping, 10, 16-27.  (Impact factor: 5.688; SCI 2001).
  60. Spinks, J.A., Liu, Y., Perfetti, C.A., Tan, L.H. (2000). Reading Chinese characters for meaning: The role of phonological information. Cognition, 75, 1-11.  (Impact factor: 2.661; SCI 2001).
  61. Tan, L.H., Spinks, J.A., Gao, J.H., Liu, H.L., Perfetti, C.A., Xiong, J., Stofer, K., Pu, Y., Liu, Y., & Fox, P.T. (2000).  Hemispheric asymmetry in reading Chinese characters and words: Functional MRI findings.  NeuroImage, 12, S256.
  62. Liu, H.L., Pu, Y., Feng, C.M., Tan, L.H., Spinks, J.A., Perfetti, C.A., Xiong, J., Fox, P.T., & Gao, J.H. (2000).  Brain activation in the processing of single Chinese characters: an event-related fMRI study.  NeuroImage, 12, S265.
  63. Pu, Y., Liu, H.L., Feng, C., Tan, L.H., Xiong, J., Spinks, J.A., Perfetti, C.A., Fox, P.T., Gao, J.H. (2000).  The temporal response of left frontal lobe during Chinese and English word generation by native Chinese speakers: an event-related functional MRI study.  NeuroImage, 12, S267.
  64. Lu, J.Y., & Spinks, J.A. (2000). The relationship of emotional intelligence and autonomic reactivity under laboratory stress.  International Journal of Psychology, 35, S1:55.
  65. Liu, H.L., Pu, Y., Feng, C.M., Tan, L.H., Spinks, J.A., Perfetti, C.A., Xiong, J., Fox, P.T. & Gao, J.H. (2000).  fMRI assessment of the Chinese character-word dissociation hypothesis of cerebral laterality.  ISMRM, 613.
  66. Pu, Y., Liu, H., Feng, C., Tan, L.H., Xiong, J., Spinks, J.A., Perfetti, C., Fox, P.T. & Gao, J.A. (2000).  The temporal response of left frontal lobe during Chinese and English word generation by native Chinese.  ISMRM, 901.
  67. Liu, H.L., Pu, Y., Feng, C.M., Tan, L.H., Spinks, J.A., Perfetti, C.A., Xiong, J., Fox, P.T. & Gao, J.H. (2000).  Brain response in the processing of Chinese characters: anevent-related fMRI study.  Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE, 3, 2020-2024.
  68. Tan, L.H., Liu, H.L., Perfetti, C.A., Spinks, J.A., Fox, P.T. & Gao, J.H. (2001).  The neural system underlying Chinese logograph reading.  NeuroImage, 13, 836-846.  (Impact factor: 7.869; SCI 2001).
  69. Pu, Y.L., Liu, H.L., Spinks, J.A., Mahankali, S., Xiong, J.H., Feng, C.M., Tan, L.H., Fox, P.T. & Gao, J.H. (2001).  Cerebral hemodynamic response in Chinese (first) and English (second) language processing revealed by event-related functional MRI.  Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 19, 643-647. (Impact factor: 2.037; SCI 2001).
  70. Tan, L.H., Spinks, J.A., Perfetti, C.A., Fox, P.T. & Gao, J.H. (2001).  Neural systems of second language learning are shaped by native language.  NeuroImage, 13, S612.
  71. Wong, S., Spinks, J.A., Liu, H.L., Chen, J.C., & Tan, L.H. (2002).  Cortical processing of Chinese and English words by early Cantonese-English bilinguals.  NeuroImage, 14, S177.
  72. Tan. L.H., Spinks, J.A., Feng, C.M., Perfetti, C.A., Siok. W.T., Xiong, J., Fox, P.T., & Gao, J.H. (2002).   Neurocognitive systems for second language learning: The influence of native language.  Hong Kong: Brain Mapping, S121.
  73. Tan, L.H., Spinks, J.A., Feng, C.M., Siok, W., Perfetti, C.A., Xiong, J.H., Fox, P.T. & Gao, J.H.  (2003).  Neural systems of second language reading are shaped by native language. Special issue on functional brain imaging of language (co-editors: L.H.Tan & J.H.Gao), Human Brain Mapping, 18, 148-156. (Impact Factor: 5.688; SCI 2001)
  74. Li, W.H. & Spinks, J.A. (2004).  The statistical assessment of learning outcome: Knowledge structure.  International Journal of Psychology, 39, 249.
  75. Wong, S., Spinks, J.A., Liu, H.L., Chen, J.C., & Tan, L.H. (2004).  Semantic processing in bilinguals: A cross-modality study.  NeuroImage, 22, S24.
  76. Wong, S., Spinks, J.A., & Tan, L.H. (2004).  Neural substrate underlying Chinese language processing.  International Journal of Psychology, 39, 479.
  77. Spinks, J.A., Zhang, J.X., Fox, P.T., Gao, J.H., & Tan, L.H. (2004).  More workload on the central executive of working memory, less attention capture by novel visual distractors: Evidence from an fMRI study.  NeuroImage, 23, 517-524.
  78. Tan, L.H., Spinks, J.A., Eden, G., Perfetti, C.A. & Siok, W.T. (2005). Reading depends on writing, in Chinese.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102, 8781-8785.
  79. Wong, S.W.H & Spinks, J.A. (2006).  A dual route model of reading in Chinese-English bilinguals.  NeuroImage, Special Issue: Twelfth Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping (ed. M. Corbetta, T. Nichols, & P. Pietrini).
  80. Spinks, J.A., Naatanen, R. & Lyytinen, H. (2008).  In Memoriam: Evgeny Nikolaevich Sokolov (1920-2008).  Psychophysiology, 45, 883-885.

 

Books

  1. Ho, D.Y.F., Spinks, J.A., & Yeung, C.C.Y. (Eds.). (1989). Chinese patterns of behaviour: A sourcebook of psychological and psychiatric studies. New York: Praeger. (503 pp.)
  2. Spinks, J.A., & Ho, D.Y.F. (1993). People, culture and society: A researcher's guide to psychological studies in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Social Sciences Research Centre, University of Hong Kong. (247pp.+ x).
  3. Chan, J., Li, R. & Spinks, J.  (Eds.)(1997). Maximizing potential: Lengthening and strengthening our stride. Proceedings of the 11th World Conference on Gifted and Talented Children, Hong Kong, 1996. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong, Social Sciences Research Centre. (702pp.+ xxxv).
  4. Sokolov, E.N., Spinks, J.A., Naatanen, R. & Lyytinen, H. (2002). The orienting response in information processing (14 chapters + preface + glossary + references).  NY: Lawrence Erlbaum.

 

Other outputs

  1. Computerized (web searchable or downloaded) data-bases of psychological articles from two reference books:

Articles of psychological and psychiatric studies relating to Chinese individuals from the book (Ho, Spinks & Yeung, 1989) Chinese Patterns of Behaviour: A sourcebook of psychological and psychiatric studies.
Articles relating to psychological research on Hong Kong individuals, from the book (Spinks & Ho, 1993) People, Culture and Society: A researcher's guide to psychological studies in Hong Kong (data-base updated 1995).

  1. Web access to the electronic journal Email Communications in Psychophysiology (abstracts of cognitive neuroscience research from Russia).
  2. Webpages for courses “How the Mind Works” and “Healthy Body, Healthy Mind” (approx. 100 pages)
  3. Various video productions for the Faculty of Social Sciences and The University of Hong Kong.

 

Selected research grants (Principal Investigator only)

 

1992.  Spinks, J.A., Yu, H.S.Y., Shek, D.T.L., Bacon-Shone, J., & McClelland, J.: received a grant of HK$1,160,000.00 from the Education Department of the Hong Kong Government to conduct a research entitled "Standardization and norming of Torrance Test of Creative Thinking in Hong Kong".

1993.  Spinks, J.A., Yu, H.S.Y., Shek, D.T.L., Bacon-Shone, J., & Yung, K.K.: received a grant of HK$2,000,000.00 from the Education Department of the Hong Kong Government to conduct a research entitled "Identification and distribution of gifted children in Hong Kong".

1994.  Chan, T.C., Chau, A.W.L., Shek, D.T.L., & Spinks, J.A.: received a grant of HK$303,000.00 from the Research Grants Council of the UPGC to conduct a research entitled "Attention as self-organization to form special purpose devices: Theoretical and applied studies using behavioral and psychophysiological measures".

1998.  Spinks, J.A., Tan, L.H., Perfetti, C.A., Kao, H.S.R., Chau, A.W.L., Lam, A., Chen, L., Gao, J.H., & Feng, J.:  received a grant of HK$1,686,000.00 from the RGC and $500,000.00 as the Vice-Chancellor’s award for Excellence in Research Proposals, for a study of “Cognitive mechanisms and their neurocognitive bases for reading Chinese”.